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The Line 1 refers to investigation of strategies and networks of organizations; coordination, efficiency, bargaining, and value-adding strategies.
A relevant theoretical innovation of Transaction Costs Economics (TCE) is the proposition that organizational forms can be explained based on the attributes of the transactions conducted by them. Organizations, under this approach, are susceptible to analysis, not constituting a simple (exogenous) element introduced in the economic system, but rather resulting from a rational choice or an evolutionary process. However, as emphasized in economic sociology approaches, some choices are limited by restrictions or determinants defined by formal aspects (regulations, laws, etc.) and informal aspects (norm and social values). These aspects often hinder the unrestricted search for “efficiency,” inducing limited choices, or choices restrained by external institutional parameters.
Theme: Organizational arrangements and value chains
Theme: Collective action, social networks, and technological platforms
The line 2 refers to analysis of technology from the perspective of agent’s organization and the market opportunities; the analysis of the transference of knowledge and technology; the development of product and process technology, and the analysis of value chains.
The choice of a production technology does not occur in a vacuum. Your success depends on institutions and organizational arrangements – the subject of study in Line 1. Therefore, Research Line 2, in an innovative proposal deals with the empirical realm of the relationship between technological and organizational arrangements, with the main proposition of sustainable technology development in its broadest sense (which connects to Line 3, propositions of public and private policies, described below). The reason for this is that the technical dimension of the production process, despite its extreme importance, is not sufficient to explain the organizational arrangements that set in motion a specific technological route.
Contrary to the neoclassical hypothesis, technology is not immediately accessible to all agents, since it bears costs for its transfer, absorption, and use. Identifying the processes of technology transfer can contribute to the design of new technology and governance structures adapted to specific social groups (which, in the spontaneous working of the markets, would be excluded from the benefits of available technical knowledge).
Theme: Development of process and product technology aimed at adding value to small scale production
The line 3 refers to analysis of collective actions, agents´ strategies for entry into production chains, antitrust policy, local development, strategic and planning management, implications of institutional environment on organizations, industrial policy and its link with firms ´strategies.
Organizations incur costs when conducting transactions, as well as in their process of self-construction; institutions influence these costs. Based on these premises, one can examine the efficiency of institutions and design organizations able to explore the value creation opportunities created by a specific institutional system.
Theme: Institutional environment and knowledge and technology transfer in supply chains
Theme: Global landmark and the insertion of small-scale economic agents
|THEORETICAL APPROACHLine 1||EMPIRICAL APPROACHLine 2||PUBLIC AND PRIVATE POLICIESLine 3|
|Interactions||The theoretical approach of organizational arrangements allows to comprehend strategies of organizations and to propose public and private policies.||The empirical approach allows a better comprehension of real world providing theoretical analysis and to propose public policies.||The analysis of institutional environment/policies permits to assess their outcomes and to test and validate theories.|